Financial & Bankruptcy Laws Play Important Roles In The World Economy
Financial and bankruptcy law refers to the laws applied to savings, investments, and loss, among others. The financial law deals with the broad range of saving and investment products as well as the services related to these products. These include personal finance, corporate finance, credit trade, budgeting, and stocks. Bankruptcy law, on the other hand, regulates the declaration of an individual or company's inability to pay creditors. It is also related to financial stress, asset sales, and macroeconomic fluctuations.
Financial law plays a very important role in the world economy which covers the following:
banking - includes banks, trust companies, savings banks, savings, loans, and credit
brokerage services including broker disputes
stocks & bonds
The financial law can be traced back in an early 20th century when regulations were made on separating insurance businesses apart from other activities, the prohibition against combining banking and most securities activities as well as restrictions on interstate banking. Financial laws provide for truthful disclosure to consumers, to assure the financial solvency of the institutions, and make financial services accessible to the public.
Bankruptcy law, on the other hand, involves the development of plans that allow debtors to resolve debts through the division of his assets among creditors. This may also allow a debtor to stay in business and use revenues to resolve his debts. Bankruptcy law also allows some debtors to be discharged of all financial obligations after their assets are distributed even though debts have not been paid in full.
Proceedings related to bankruptcy laws are supervised and litigated in the United States Bankruptcy Courts. The US Congress has established the United States Trustees as the supervisors and administrators of bankruptcy proceedings. These include liquidations, which involves the appointment of a trustee to collect the non-exempt property of the debtor for sale and distribution of the proceeds to the creditors. Other proceedings involve the rehabilitation of the debtor that allows future earnings to pay off creditors and the appointment of a trustee to supervise the assets of the debtor.
Financial and bankruptcy laws cover all issues concerning the concepts of time, money and risk and how all of these are interrelated. These include provisions of credits, private equity, mutual funds, financial assets, investments, financial risk management, stock exchanges, debts and bonds among many others. The other side of finance is the risk taken that may lead to distress and eventually to bankruptcy.
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